RANGER MORNING REPORTS IN WWII
When the 1st Ranger Battalion was activated in June of 1942, the Army used a multiple page Morning Report. The first page listed the battalion, company, month and year. Page 2 is titled as Ration Account and listed the officers for mess. There was also a page that had a tally of enlisted men that messed with the company. Page 4 tallied the Rangers by rank and number of men of each rank.
The actual Morning Report was a lined sheet titled Remarks. This was where the clerk kept track of the soldiers transferred out, attached, assigned for duty, absent sick in hospital, when AWOL, Back-on duty are just a few examples. These reports were set up to add multiple dates on a page. When the clerk had filled in the information, the Commanding Officer would certify by putting his initials beside each date on the sheet. In summary, the report was a method of keeping track of the soldiers on the company level.
The last pages of the reports were titled Stations and Reports of Events. These sheets listed where the Company was, if they relocated, what mode of transportation was used, and miles traveled among other information of company actions and movements. Reading this report can help a Ranger’s family trace their Ranger by dates and locations of where they were in WWII.
In July 1943, the Army changed the format of the Morning Reports to a two-page condensed version. The first page listed the battalion, company, location and date on the top of the ticket. On the lined page there are heading for Serial Number, Name, Grade & Code across the top. This type of Morning Report did a better job of identifying the Ranger. These ticket type reports also listed what happened to the individual Ranger like the multiple day reports mentioned above. On the bottom of the Morning Report the clerk did a daily tally of the men, taking the place of the more detailed separate sheet that they used in 1942.
The second page was titled Record of Events. This page replaced the older Station and Report of Events sheet. Several months later the Army omitted the second page and typed Record of Events below the list of soldiers. If there was a lot of information that took more pages there would be multiple tickets dated with the same date and a notation at the bottom. The Commanding Officer’s name with rank was typed at the bottom. The CO certified the document with his signature on every Morning Report page.